Audiences will usually note when a movie based on a true story is extremely inaccurate. However, there are also quite a few films that get the facts right. It can be eye-opening to see some of history's most influential moments played out on screen by talented actors and filmmakers. Movies such as Apollo 13, The Wolf of Wall Street, and Spotlight brought history to life. Here are some of the most historically accurate movies ever made.
Bridge Of Spies Is An Honest Portrayal Of The Cold War
Written by the Coen brothers and directed by Steven Spielberg, Bridge of Spies is a Cold War drama about a lawyer (Tom Hanks) who must negotiate the release of a U.S. Air Force pilot (Mark Rylance) who was captured by the Soviet Union. The film did very well at the box office and Rylance won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
The visual blog Information is Beautiful said that Bridge of Spies was 88.8 percent historically accurate. The actors were able to bring this Cold War-era story to life by capturing the essence of their real-life characters.
Full Metal Jacket Shows American Soldiers' Perspective On Vietnam
Written and directed by Stanley Kubrick, Full Metal Jacket is a Vietnam War-era drama about two privates (Matthew Modine and Vincent D'Onofrio) under an aggressive drill instructor. Later, the privates are shipped off to Vietnam to be readied for combat. The film received a 92 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes and was wildly popular at the box office.
Critics from Time, Metacritic, and more thought Full Metal Jacket was an accurate portrayal of this time in American history. The movie touched on themes of masculinity, military brainwashing, and testing one's limitations.
NASA Was On Set During The Making Of Apollo 13
One of the most pivotal moments in American history was the Apollo 13 mission by astronauts Jim Lovell, Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise. They attempted to go to the moon in 1970, but an explosion aboard their spacecraft caused them to lose oxygen and electricity.
Ron Howard brought this story to the silver screen with actors Tom Hanks, Kevin Bacon, and Bill Paxton in 1995's Apollo 13. Since there was a lot of video footage, Howard was able to work off something tangible. According to Screen Rant, Howard brought NASA consultants on set and needed special permission to film at various locations.
Gandhi Remains A Part Of Indian History
Released in 1982, Gandhi is a biographical film about the life of Indian independence leader Mahatma Gandhi. Coming in at three hours and 11 minutes, the film accurately depicts Gandhi's life, the Indian independence movement, and the British colonization of India.
Gandhi received 11 nominations at the Oscars and won eight of them, including Best Actor (Ben Kingsley), Best Director, and Best Picture. Not only was the film successful in India, but audiences all over the world thought it did a great job of telling Gandhi's story with brilliant performances from the entire cast.
Love & Mercy Goes Deeper Into The Life Of Brian Wilson
Most fans of 1960s music have heard the Beach Boys, but they may not know much about their co-founder and leader, Brian Wilson. Love & Mercy centers on two important stages of Wilson's life including the making of his hit album, Pet Sounds, and during his treatment with psychologist Dr. Eugene Landy.
While the real Brian Wilson had little to do with the making of the film, he called it "very factual." The scenes with Dr. Landy made Wilson freeze up in fear because it brought back many traumatizing memories. Paul Dano as the younger Wilson earned critical praise for his performance.
There Was No Time To Waste While Making Selena
Jennifer Lopez rose to superstardom as the titular character in the 1997 musical biopic Selena. She portrayed the internationally acclaimed Tejano pop star Selena Quintanilla-Pérez as a teenager and her last years as a young adult. Writer and director Gregory Nava wanted to make this film as a response to her passing.
Nava got right to work on Selena because he didn't want any negative stereotypes or stories about her spreading through the media. In order to get Selena's accent just right, Lopez studied old tapes of her interviews and performances.
A Night To Remember Tells The True Story Of The RMS Titanic
While the 1997 version of Titanic with Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet is the most-watched version, it doesn't accurately depict the true story of what really happened aboard the RMS Titanic. Those who want a more factual film should watch 1958's A Night To Remember.
A young boy named William MacQuitty, who saw the actual RMS Titanic leave Belfast in 1911, was later hired as the producer. He made sure the original blueprints were used to build the ship and even hired one of the surviving officers (Joseph Boxhall) as the technical advisor.
Goodfellas Gives An Inside Look At Organized Crime
From the mind of Martin Scorsese came the crime biopic Goodfellas. The 1990 film starred Robert De Niro, Ray Liotta, Joe Pesci, and more as members of a mob group during the mid-20th century. It's based on the novel Wiseguy, which details the life of mobster Henry Hill through the eyes of a crime reporter.
Goodfellas is now a classic part of American cinematic history, with a 96 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Famed critic Roger Ebert said, "No finer film has ever been made about organized crime - not even The Godfather."
Lincoln Was Some Of Daniel Day-Lewis' Best Work
One of the most memorable Daniel Day-Lewis films ever was the Steven Spielberg-directed Lincoln. The movie focuses on the last four months of the president's life, during which he was trying to abolish slavery in the United States. Day-Lewis earned the Best Actor Oscar for his performance and the film grossed over $275 million at the box office.
"The film was 90 percent on the mark, which given the way Hollywood usually does history is saying something. [It] got with reasonable accuracy a lot of Lincoln's character, the characters of the main protagonists, and the overall debate over the 13th Amendment," said American historian Allen Guelzo.
12 Years A Slave Is Based On A Memoir
Hollywood has a history of rewriting the true stories of slavery in the United States, but 2013's 12 Years a Slave did its best to stay accurate. The film is based on an adaptation of an 1853 slave memoir by Solomon Northup, which was co-edited in 1968 to check for accuracy.
Actors Chiwetel Ejiofor, Michael Fassbender, Lupita Nyong'o, Sarah Paulson, and others, played real people and the actors shot their scenes in historic plantations. The movie earned three Academy Awards including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Supporting Actress (Nyong'o).
Get Inside The Minds Of German Soldiers In Stalingrad
There have been several movies made about the events of Stalingrad, but the one considered to be the most historically accurate is 1993's Stalingrad. This German anti-war film centers on a platoon of German Army soldiers who leave for Russia during World War II to fight in the Battle of Stalingrad.
The film is told through the eyes of the Wehrmacht and details how they lost the battle. According to Screen Rant, Stalingrad is one of the most accurate portrayals of World War II on the silver screen. Director Joseph Vilsmaier made sure to stick to the facts, no matter how gruesome.
The Wolf Of Wall Street Set A Guinness World Record
Leonardo DiCaprio, Margot Robbie, Jonah Hill, and more starred in Martin Scorsese's 2013 biopic, The Wolf of Wall Street. The movie tells the story of a stockbroker named Jordan Belfort in New York City who goes down the wrong path by committing corruption and fraud.
The Wolf of Wall Street earned five Academy Award nominations including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor. It also holds the Guinness World Record for the most swear words used in a film. The real Jordan Belfort thought DiCaprio was spot-on throughout his entire performance.
Filmmakers Spent Months Doing Their Own Investigation For Zodiac
Those who've heard the story of the infamous Zodiac Killer know that it's a topic that shouldn't be taken lightly. In order to prepare for 2007's Zodiac film, director David Fincher and producers James Vanderbilt and Bradley J. Fischer conducted an 18-month investigation of their own.
Den of Geek said Fincher interviewed witnesses, family members, detectives, and suspects to get every single fact correct. This was done to make sure the filmmakers knew the brutality of the events that took place.
The Ono Family Had A Hard Time Watching Chapter 27
Jared Leto is almost unrecognizable as the infamous serial killer Mark David Chapman in 2007's Chapter 27. The film is an almost exact retelling of John Lennon's last week of life, when Chapman was influenced to harm him after reading J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye.
Audiences had mixed feelings about the film because of how much it focused on Chapman's psyche. Yoko Ono and son Sean felt that the movie brought up a lot of dark moments from their past. "This is another thing which will hurt me, I'm sure," said Yoko Ono.
Selma Is An Accurate Portrayal Of The Civil Rights Movement
Directed by Ava DuVernay, Selma is a historical drama focusing on the 1965 voting rights marches in Alabama led by Martin Luther King Jr., Hosea Williams, John Lewis, and more. Selma earned a nomination for Best Picture at the Oscars and John Legend and Common won the Best Song Oscar for "Glory."
Information is Beautiful did a scene-by-scene analysis of Selma and scored it with 100 percent accuracy. "This movie painstakingly recreates events as they happened, and takes care to include everybody who was involved," said journalist David McCandless.
Glory Brings Audiences Back To The Civil War
Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, and Morgan Freeman starred in 1989's Glory, about the Union Army's first African American regiment during the Civil War. The film was partially based on the personal letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (Broderick) during the Second Battle of Fort Wagner.
The film earned a 93 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes, with critics saying, "Bolstered by exceptional cinematography, powerful storytelling, and an Oscar-winning performance by Denzel Washington, Glory remains one of the finest Civil War movies ever made." American Civil War historian James M. McPherson believes it's one of the most accurate Civil War on-screen depictions.
Robert De Niro Gave An Oscar-Worthy Performance In Raging Bull
Martin Scorsese directed 1980's Raging Bull based on the memoir by professional boxer Jake LaMotta. Actor Robert De Niro starred in the main role as a self-destructive boxer who ends up ruining his relationships with his wife and family. De Niro won the Oscar for Best Actor and the film also won for Best Editing.
De Niro was inspired to make the movie after reading LaMotta's memoir and got Scorsese involved. LaMotta felt that De Niro perfectly captured his essence.
Moneyball Takes A Careful Look At Sports Data
Moneyball is based on a nonfiction novel of the same name, which centers on the Oakland Athletics baseball team and their general manager. Brad Pitt starred as general manager Billy Beane alongside Jonah Hill his assistant general manager Peter Brand, and the two earned Academy Award nominations for their performances.
According to Razorgator, Moneyball got most of the story accurate. Both Pitt and Hill played their characters as realistically as possible and the filmmakers understood how to incorporate baseball data measurements correctly in the film.
Tora! Tora! Tora! Is Used In U.S. History Classes
Tora! Tora! Tora! is a 1970 war drama about the events of Pearl Harbor told through the eyes of the Japanese army and United States Navy. The term "tora" comes from the Japanese codeword that "a complete surprise has been achieved." This was one of the most important events in American history, so the filmmakers wanted it to be as accurate as possible.
The filmmakers used research from both the Japanese and American sides to make sure the film had no implicit bias. Screen Rant said that Tora! Tora! Tora! is so close to the original events that it is sometimes used in U.S. history classes.
Spotlight Focused On The Little Details
Spotlight swept the Oscars by winning the Best Original Screenplay and Best Picture Academy Awards. The film is based on The Boston Globe's "Spotlight" team who investigated priests in the area during the early 2000s. According to the visual blog Information is Beautiful, the film was 76.2 percent historically accurate.
It was clear that the filmmakers wanted to be correct when it came to the small details such as the costumes and set design. While the movie was released in 2015, there had been many technological changes since 2001 that needed to be portrayed on screen.